What are Cannabinoids?


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Cannabinoids are natural compounds found within Cannabis many of which are unique to the Cannabis plant.

Our brains create its own set of Cannabinoids similar to those found in Cannabis via the Endocannabinoid system. The Endocannabinoid system, named after Cannabis Sativa, is responsible for many crucial functions, such as appetite, sleep, emotion, pain responses and movement.

Cannabinoids work by interacting with specific receptors. These receptors are located within different parts of the body, such as the central nervous system and immune system.

Cannabinoids activate two types of receptors – CB1 receptors, located within the nervous system, the brain and nerve endings, and CB2 receptors which are located within the immune system.

This Endocannabinoid system is responsible for homeostasis. This means that the human Endocannabinoid system is constantly trying to correct imbalances and restore order and optimal function to the human body. The presence of Cannabinoids can help the body achieve these functions.

There are over 500 different natural compounds in the cannabis plant and around 113+ of them are Cannabinoids. Some Cannabinoids such as THC and CBD make up the majority of the Cannabinoid profile of the plant while others are only found in trace amounts.

Although a handful of Cannabinoids are well studied, our understanding of the majority of these 113+ Cannabinoids is very limited and scientists continue to discover new ways to use them as safe and effective treatments for a range of illness and diseases.

Some Cannabinoids are psychoactive but the majority of them are not.

While each Cannabinoids works independently, used together, they create an entourage effect, which multiplies the benefits of each individual Cannabinoid.

For a greater understanding of the Endocannabinoid system and how to keep it healthy naturally as well as its relationship to Cannabis we recommend you read the following book:

The eCS Therapy Companion Guide: A Reference Source for Your Endocannabinoid System

 

Major Cannabinoids and their Medical Uses

 

THC  – (Tetrahydrocannabinol)

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Anti-Emetic – Reduces vomiting and nausea.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Antioxidant – Prevents the damage of oxidation to other molecules in the body.

Antispasmodic – Suppresses muscle spasms.

Anxiolitic – While not fully recognized as an anxiolitic compound THC does seem to assist in the anxiety associated with PTSD.

Appetite Stimulant – Promotes appetite

Euphoriant – Produces feelings of euphoria, promotes happiness and relaxation.

Neuroprotective – Slows damage to the nervous system and brain.

 

CBD – (Cannabidiol)

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Diabetic – Helps lower blood sugar levels.

Antidepressant – Relieves symptoms of depression.

Anti-Emetic – Reduces vomiting and nausea.

Anti-Epileptic – Reduces seizures and convulsions.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Insomnia – Aids with sleep.

Anti-Ischemic – Reduces the risk of artery blockage.

Antipsioratic – Treats psoriasis.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Antipsychotic – Relieves symptoms of psychosis

Antioxidant – Prevents the damage of oxidation to other molecules in the body.

Antispasmodic – Suppresses muscle spasms.

Anxiolitic – Relieves anxiety

Bone Stimulant – Promotes bone growth.

Neuroprotective – Slows damage to the nervous system and brain.

Vasorelaxant– Reduces vascular tension.

 

THC-A: (Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid)

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Anti-Emetic – Reduces vomiting and nausea.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation.

Anti-Insomnia – Aids with sleep.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Antispasmodic – Suppresses muscle spasms.

Modulates Immune System – THCa has been shown to both improve and potentially suppress the immune system functions.

Neuroprotective – Slows damage to the nervous system and brain.

 

THC-V – (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Anorectic – Appetite suppressant, promotes weight loss.

Anti-Emetic – Reduces vomiting and nausea.

Anti-Epileptic – Reduces seizures and convulsions.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Bone Stimulant – Promotes bone growth.

Euphoriant – Produces feelings of euphoria, promotes happiness and relaxation.

 

CBD-A – (Cannabidiol Acid)

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Emetic – Reduces vomiting and nausea.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

 

CBN – (Cannabinol)

Analgesic – Pain relief.

Anti-insomnia – Aids with sleep.

Bone Stimulant – Promotes growth of bone cells.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-convulsive – Reduces seizures and convulsions.

 

CBG – (Cannabigerol)

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Epileptic – Reduces seizures and convulsions.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Insomnia – Aids with sleep.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Bone Stimulant – Promotes bone growth.

Neurogenic – Helps stimulate the growth of new brain cells.

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