Terpenes – What Are They and Which Terpenes are Found in Cannabis?


What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons produced by a wide variety of plants and herbs. They are the main building block of any plant resin or “essential oils” and contribute to the scent, flavor, and colors of the plant. Many are known to have medicinal value and have been used by people for thousands of years.

Project CBD claims that there are round 200 terpenes found in Cannabis however earlier estimations were around the 140 mark. Many of these terpenes are only found in trace amounts but there are a few that have a significant content in Cannabis flowers (buds).

As you go through our guide you will see that we encourage retaining terpenes in our medicine wherever we can.

The terpenes found in Cannabis have many medicinal properties and the majority of them have pain relieving effects as you will see below.  Terpenes have an entourage effect with Cannabinoids which means they essentially boost each other making the combination more effective than the sum of its parts.

This is one reason why full extract Cannabis will always be superior to what Big Pharma is doing by isolating or synthesizing Cannabinoids which is done purely for patent and profit reasons, not humane or compassionate ones. Examples of this include Marinol and Sativex.

Recreational users have known for years that Mangoes contain a large amount of Myrcene which can directly potentiate the high from Cannabis. Even though terpenes can sometimes make the high stronger or longer lasting, they can also make it more medicinal, enjoyable and calming.

Beta-Caryophyllene which is found in black pepper is known to help reduce anxiety and anecdotal evidence is suggesting that people who have a tendency to get anxious after medicating could benefit from either chewing on a peppercorn or even just smelling them to reduce this unwanted side-effect.

The terpenes profiles will overlap to some extent but Sativa and Indica plants will often have completely different levels of certain terpenes. Pinene for example has a more stimulating effect and is found in higher concentrations in certain Sativa plants which is one reason why Sativas will be a good daytime strain in general whereas many Indica plants will have higher concentrations of terpenes which are sedating such as Linalool.

As you will see below there are many generally accepted applications for terpenes and many of the therapeutic properties of well known plants and herbs are actually from the terpenes or essential oils of the plant.

Terpenes Commonly Found in Cannabis

Myrcene

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Diabetic – Helps mitigate the effects of diabetes.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Insomnia – Aids with sleep.

Anti-Proliferative/Anti-Mutagenic – Inhibits cell mutation, including cancer cells.

Antipsychotic – Tranquilizing effects relieve symptoms of psychosis.

Antispasmodic – Suppresses muscle spasms.

More Info on Myrcene Here


Limonene

Antidepressant – Relieves symptoms of depression.

Antifungal – Inhibits the growth of fungus.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Anxiolytic – Relieves anxiety.

Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux – Reduces acid reflux.

Immunostimulant – Stimulates the immune system.

More Info on Limonene Here


Linalool

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antidepressant – Relieves symptoms of depression.

Anti-Epileptic – Reduces seizures and convulsions.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation.

Antipsychotic – Tranquilizing effects relieve symptoms of psychosis.

Sedative – Promotes sleep.

More Info on Linalool Here


Pinene

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Antioxidant – Prevents oxidation damage to other molecules in the body.

More Info on Pinenene & Beta-Pinene Here


Caryophyllene

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Antidepressant – Relieves symptoms of depression.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Antioxidant – Prevents oxidation damage to other molecules in the body.

Anxiolitic – Helps relieve anxiety.

Neuroprotective – Slows damage to the nervous system and brain.

More Info on Caryophylene Here


Eucalyptol

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Fungal – Inhibits the growth of fungus.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Antioxidant – Prevents the damage of oxidation to other molecules in the body.

More Info on Eucalyptol Here


Humulene

Analgesic – Relieves pain.

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Anorectic – Appetite suppressant, promotes weight loss.

More Info on Humulene Here


Terpinolene

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Fungal – Inhibits the growth of fungus.

Anti-Insomnia – Aids with sleep.

Anti-Proliferative – Inhibits cancer cell growth.

Antioxidant – Prevents oxidation damage to other molecules in the body.

More Info on Terpinolene Here


Borneol

Analgesic – Relieves pain

Antibacterial – Slows bacterial growth.

Anti-Fibrosis – Balances the body’s fibrosis response to injury.

Anti-Fungal – Inhibits the growth of fungus.

Anti-Inflammatory – Reduces inflammation systemically.

Antioxidant – Prevents oxidation damage to other molecules in the body.

More Info on Borneol Here

 

The Secret to Natural Pain Relief

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Introduction & comprehensive FREE guide to growing, processing and using cannabis products for help managing chronic pain conditions. Even if you have no garden and zero growing skills or experience.

Always consult your physician when considering a change to your current treatment.

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